With the need for income generation, jobs, equity and trust building across conflicting parties and social divides on the one side and growth for profit and economic sustainability on the other – how can relationships between peacebuilders, economic developers and businesses be shaped? The authors of 'Business & Peace - it takes two to tango' will discuss their insights and lessons learnt from engagement with multinational companies and MSMEs in fragile settings. Policies on sustainable economic development and engaging the private sector through development programs, compacts, credits and public-private-partnerships/PPP have the potential to generate positive peace impacts. The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) supports sustainable economic development and the engagement of the private sector as well as multistakeholder partnerships and PPPs. Do policies and multistakeholder engagement correspond to needs and realities for peacebuilding?