In the last 20 years, the role of religion in conflicts has gained new prominence and attention both in academic and policy circles. In recent years, Western political actors have gradually sought links and ways to positively engage with moderate religious actors while maintaining a firm stance towards extremist groups and the enlightenment-induced separation of religion and the state.
In the current global context of ethno-religious nationalism and increasing identity politics, this panel seeks to address the following questions: When and under which circumstances can or should religious actors be included in peacebuilding? Which responsibilities and advantages do religious actors and institutions have? Are there ways for partner countries (e. g. German government) to directly address religious actors in these cases? How should radical groups and religious violent actors be dealt with? How to engage with global networks and transnational religious fields in current peacebuilding practices? And lastly: How can the marginalisation of minorities via Hate Speech and Fake News be addressed while not losing sight of structural root causes of violence? These are some of the issues, which the workshop will discuss along the concrete examples of Pakistan and Afghanistan.