After over three decades of conflict and multiple regime changes, the post-Taliban period of 2001 provided a massive window of opportunity for peaceful transformation in Afghanistan.
Although much progress has been made over the past 14 years, the country is once again engulfed in violent conflict. With the withdrawal of international military, ground combat has grown, sadly with high civilian casualties.
The Afghan security forces are increasingly challenged in their fight against the insurgency with population protection being difficult to master. According to a July 2015 UN report, in the first six months of 2015 a 23 per cent and 13 per cent increase in women and child casualties respectively was documented.